Alzheimer's disease and pneumonia

 What is Alzheimer's disease and pneumonia ?
Hello lyrical how are you today ? i hope you fine, because now i will share an article for you about Alzheimer's disease and pneumonia. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. The word dementia describes a set of symptoms that can include memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. These symptoms occur when the brain is damaged by certain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's,Understood as one of the most common mental illnesses today, Alzheimer's disease or Alzheimer's disease is a degenerative disease which is considered incurable and which can be appeased, but not removed completely since progress continues to cause the death of the person. Alzheimer's disease takes that name in honor to the German psychiatrist who discovered him and appointed formally, Alois Alzheimer. When we talk about Alzheimer's, we define that it is a disease that can show many symptoms related to memory. A person showing symptoms of Alzheimer's can be a person who does not have easy to remember things that lived, data or information nor to acquire new data or knowledge. In addition to using different diagnostic tests, tests that check the brain are essential to determine if disease is present, which is visible from the degeneration of the brain. (Read More : How to Keep The Holiday Spirit When You Have Cancer).

One of the most recognizable symptoms of Alzheimer's disease is a speech problem, such as a person choosing the wrong words, or not understanding simple sentences. Problems with numbers are also common. These are the most reliable signs of early-stage Alzheimer's disease. Other early signs include forgetfulness about recent events (loss of short-term memory), trouble with tasks such as housework or balancing a chequebook, and poor judgment. If you are worried you or a loved one may have Alzheimer’s disease, there are 10 primary symptoms to consider. Every person is different and may have more or less than these 10 symptoms. Talk to your doctor if you notice 1 or more in yourself or a loved one.
  1. Memory loss that affects daily life: Examples include forgetting important dates or things you just learned; asking the same question over and over; or relying heavily on reminder notes, technology, or other family members to remember things.
  2. Changes in the ability to follow a plan or solve a problem: This may include having trouble concentrating on a problem, such as a math problem; following a plan, such as a recipe; or keeping track of regularly scheduled tasks, such as paying monthly bills.
  3. Changes in the ability to complete familiar tasks: Alzheimer’s disease can make it hard to do the things that you used to do all the time. For example, it might be hard to do chores at home, run errands, or finish a routine task at work.
  4. Confusion about time or place: Examples include losing track of how much time has passed, the date or the day of the week, forgetting where you are and how you got there.
  5. Problems with vision or understanding visual information: Examples include trouble with reading comprehension, identifying colors, judging distances, or getting confused about what you see.
  6. Problems with words: Examples include forgetting words in the middle of a conversation, repeating parts of a conversation, or problems with vocabulary, such as calling things by the wrong names.
  7. Misplacing things: Examples include putting things in unusual places, losing things often, being unable to retrace steps in order to find a lost object, and even accusing others of stealing.
  8. Poor judgment: Examples include paying less attention to appearance or cleanliness and using poor judgment with money, such as giving large amounts of money to solicitors.
  9. Withdrawal from activities: Examples include withdrawing from social activities, work projects, or family gatherings, or abandoning a hobby, sport, or favorite activity.
  10. Changes in mood and personality: Examples include becoming unusually confused, suspicious, upset, depressed, fearful, or anxious, especially when in new or unfamiliar places.
Alzheimer’s disease is called a “progressive” disease. This means that its symptoms usually start slowly and are mild. A person’s cognitive (brain) and functional (self care) abilities get worse over time. In the later stages of the disease, a person who has Alzheimer’s is no longer able to communicate and depends entirely on other people for care. If you think that a loved one might be experiencing any of the complications listed above, talk to their doctor. He or she can provide medicine or other treatments to help keep your loved one comfortable.

Up to 90 percent of people in the advanced stages of Alzheimer’s disease must be cared for in a nursing home at some point during their lives, and many of those are prone to serious infections like pneumonia. A new study in the Archives of Internal Medicine looked at the antibiotic treatment that Alzheimer’s patients with pneumonia received. Researchers found that while the drugs can prolong life, in many cases it could prolong suffering.

The researchers, from Rush Medical Center in Chicago, studied patients with advanced Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia in 22 nursing homes in the Boston area. Over 40 percent of the patients had at least one bout of pneumonia during the 18-month study period. Antibiotics did prolong survival in patients with pneumonia. But overall, it did not make patients feel more comfortable, and in many cases increased discomfort.

They further note that in many cases, patient and family wishes about end-of-life care is not well understood or followed by medical staff, aggressive treatments like tube feeding are overused, and medical problems like pain, bedsores and aspiration of food is not properly managed. Less than a third of nursing home residents who die of advanced dementia receive hospice care, which manages pain and usually makes patients more comfortable in their final months.
Because there is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease, treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and maintaining the quality of the person's life. Certain medications, called cholinesterase inhibitors, can help maintain brain function and delay the progression of the disease for several months to a year. People with moderate-to-advanced disease have been treated with a medication called memantine, which may provide additional benefit. This medication can also be used by people who do not tolerate cholinesterase inhibitors. However, the course of the disease is such that it eventually continues to worsen.

Fortunately, there are a number of ways to help people with Alzheimer's disease that do not involve medications. These include:
  • reminder notes
  • personal organizing tools such as date books and beepers
  • providing instructions for activities such as bathing, eating, and dressing
  • family counselling and support
  • behaviour training for inappropriate behaviours
An increased level of fitness helps the brain to stay healthy, so aerobic exercise may be a factor in either preventing or delaying the onset of Alzheimer's. Computerized "brain fitness" programs are becoming popular to keep the brain active and possibly protect it from deterioration. So far there is no convincing scientific evidence that this is effective in preventing Alzheimer's, but investigations are ongoing. Contact your local Alzheimer's society for more information on new advances in research and suggestions for helping a person who has Alzheimer's disease.

Caring for someone with Alzheimer's disease or dementia can be a long, stressful, and intensely emotional journey. But you're not alone. In the United States, there are about 15 million people caring for someone with dementia, and millions of others around the world. As there is currently no cure for Alzheimer's disease—and only limited medical treatments available for the symptoms—it is your caregiving that can make the biggest difference to your loved one's quality of life. That is a remarkable gift. Nearly all Alzheimer's or dementia caregivers will at some time experience sadness, anxiety, loneliness, and exhaustion. Seeking help and support along the way is not a luxury for caregivers; it's a necessity.

Just as each individual with Alzheimer's disease progresses differently, so too can the caregiving experience vary widely from person to person. However, there are strategies that can help make the caregiving journey as rewarding as it is challenging. Learning all you can about what is happening and what to expect on the Alzheimer's journey will not only help your loved one, but is also the first step towards protecting your own mental and physical health.

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